Sleep disorders that affect millions every year
Restless Leg Syndrome
RLS, also known as Willis-Ekbom disease, is an unpleasant, uncomfortable situation amounting to twitching sensation in the legs and an overwhelming urge to move them. Most adults experience symptoms in the late afternoon and evening hours, but the most severe symptoms are experienced at night where a person is trying to rest or go to sleep. Symptoms may also occur when someone is sitting for long periods, like taking a long car or plane trip or watching a movie. RLS is classified as a neurological sensory disorder because the brain is producing the symptoms rather than the muscles. Data has shown that up to 7 to 10% of the population may have RLS. Although it may occur in both men and women, Women are more likely to have. It is most common to begin in middle age, and the symptoms become more prevalent as a person gets older.
RLS may be treated by relieving the uncomfortable symptoms. The most simple treatment is to move the affected limb. Other times medical conditions like neuropathy, diabetes, and even an iron deficiency or anemia can be root causes. Lifestyle changes many times will add relief in the form of decreasing and or avoiding the use of alcohol and tobacco. Changing sleep patterns can also provide assistance. Massage and exercise along with a warm bath or heating pad have been shown to provide relief in most adults. Anti-seizure drugs, Iron, and Dopaminergic agents are some of the most extreme treatments. [more]
Jet lag disorder is a severe, but temporary sleep issue that affects people who rapidly travel across several time zones. Every person has a clock on the inside, also known as circadian rhythms, which signal the body to either stay awake or to sleep. When you travel across time zones, the internal clock may remain where you were, and not update to where have arrived. Jet lag might cause tiredness in the daytime, upset stomach, General on pleasant sensation, and a tough time staying alert. Although jet lag is temporary, it can significantly your business travel comfort or the fun on your vacation.
There are several ways to minimize the effects of jet lag. Here are a few necessary prevention steps to reduce jet lag effects. Arrived early at your destination and gave your body a chance to adjust. Get a lot of good rest before beginning your trip so that you’re not fatigued. Adjust your schedule gradually before you leave. You can go to sleep a few hours early or a few hours late depending upon which direction you are traveling. Regulate the amount of light exposure. Bright lights got the body may interpret as sunlight aren’t enormous Factor in how the body gaps to a new location. Try to be consistent with your new schedule. Drink a lot of water before during and after your travel, staying hydrated. Avoid alcohol and caffeine because these substances may dehydrate you. And if possible, try to sleep on the plane, using headphones and eye masks to regulate light. [more]
Narcolepsy, characterized by extreme daytime sleepiness, is a chronic sleep disorder. People often find it near impossible to stay awake, no matter what they are doing, regardless of circumstance. Narcolepsy can also be associated with a rapid loss of muscle called cataplexy, which may be accompanied by strong emotion. There is currently no cure for narcolepsy; however, lifestyle changes in medications can help people manage their symptoms. Narcolepsy symptoms may include the following. Prolong daytime sleepiness, taking place anytime anywhere without warning. This can occur while driving a car.
Immediate loss of muscle tension, including slurred speech, and collapsing. This is triggered by intense emotions, such as excitement or laughter, but sometimes anger, surprise, or fear. Sleep paralysis, where a person may be unable to speak or move upon waking and falling asleep. Hallucinations call hypnagogic hallucinations to occur as a person is falling asleep. People report feeling as though they are a stranger in their own bedroom. Treating narcolepsy is not easy. Most people spend a lot of time working with their doctor to find an appropriate treatment. [more]
Sleep terrors are instances of screaming, increased fear, and shaking while asleep. Sleep terrors are also known as night terrors, are many times accompanied by sleepwalking. Both sleepwalking and night terrors are classified as a parasomnia, which is an unwanted instance while sleeping. Children are affected at a rate of almost 40%, while I’m much smaller percentage affects adults. Nightmares are different than sleep terrors. People wake up from nightmares and can remember some details, but during a sleep terror event, a person remains asleep.
Usually children don’t remember anything about the event; however, adults may have some fragment recall. It’s essential to consult a physician Wendy sleeper events begin to interfere with a healthy lifestyle. Signs that you may need to see a doctor include: the events become more frequent, there is a routine disruption in sleep, safety concerns resulting in injury, sleepiness during the daytime, and if these continue into the teenage years. [more]
Obstructive sleep apnea
This is a potentially dangerous sleep disorder, which may cause breathing to stop and repeatedly start while sleeping. Obstructive sleep apnea is just one type, identified by throat muscles randomly relaxing and blocking the airway. Snoring is a potential sign that this may be occurring. There are several treatments for obstructive sleep apnea, including Devices that use positive pressure to keep the airway open. In some cases, it may be necessary to have surgery. The most common symptoms of abstract of sleep apnea include the following. Long periods of sleepiness in the daytime, snoring loudly, stop random waking up and choking or gasping, waking up with dry mouth or a sore throat, a headache in the morning, a tough time concentrating, moodiness, elevated blood pressure, Night sweats, and a decreased libido.
Risk factors for people who may develop sleep apnea include the following. Many people with OSA are overweight. Fatty deposits surrounding the airway can block breathing. A narrow airway genetically inherited can also be present. Nasal congestion and elevated blood pressure are also risk factors. Researchers found that asthma and diabetes are also associated with OSA. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, be sure and let your doctor know immediately. [more]
People who have insomnia have difficulty falling asleep and staying asleep. Additionally, many times, people with insomnia may wake up in the middle of the night and have trouble falling back to sleep. Insomnia is classified into two types, primary, and secondary. Primary insomnia indicates that the person has sleep problems; however, they are not directly related to other health conditions. Secondary insomnia means that the person is experiencing insomnia as a result of some other medical condition, pain, or substance they are you taking.
The severity of insomnia is also classified into two groups, acute and chronic insomnia. Acute insomnia means that it can be short-lived and may go away in days, weeks, or months. Chronic insomnia is usually a condition that someone has had over the years or their lifetime. Symptoms of insomnia, both acute and chronic, include the following. Overly sleepiness during the waking hours, general weakness or tiredness, moodiness or irritability, and concentration or memory problems. If you’re experiencing any of these problems, please talk to your healthcare provider and schedule an evaluation including a physical exam to determine if you are I Candidate for primary or secondary insomnia.
Treatments for insomnia can include exercise, prescription medications, lifestyle changes, and are always under the supervision of a licensed medical health provider. Mild acute insomnia may not require any treatment at all. By merely practicing good sleep habits, this form of insomnia may go away on its own. Good sleep habits include some of the following behaviors. Get regular exercise, trying out to eat heavy meals late or before bedtime, follow a sleep routine including relaxation before sleep, change into comfortable sleepwear, follow eight predictable sleep schedule, and avoid caffeine nicotine and alcohol cluster bedtime. [more]
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